Scala Naturae

Scala Naturae is a set of bronze Neanderthal skulls, modeled by hand to give precise anatomical representation. In this work the Neanderthal skull becomes a Memento Mori connecting to the concept of a natural hierarchy. 

The Scala Naturae, also known as The Great Chain of Being, is a conceptual method of 
categorising life on Earth, a hierarchical structure, thought in medieval Christianity to have been decreed by God. The Latin term, scala naturae, (Ladder of Being) was discussed by Greek ancient philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus and Proclus. In various mystical traditions the chain of being is said to begin with God, progressing downward through ranks of angels, demons, heavenly bodies such as stars and the Moon, kings, princes, nobles, commoners, domesticated animals, wild animals, trees, other plants, precious stones, precious metals, and other minerals.

The concept of the Scala Naturae is still much in use today. Many modern humans believe that human beings are at the top of a food chain, with god given dominium over other animals, as well as ownership of the environment they live within and of the wider natural world.


Title: Scala Naturae
Year produced: 2018
Dimensions: Lifesize
Edition: 20
Mediums used: Bronze
Signature details: The artist’s signature, date and edition number is painted on the  underside

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